A-ESDP on Sugarcane Propagation through Tissue Culture Techniques           A-ESDP on Development of agri-preneurship through establishing healthy settling nurseries of sugarcane setts for the supply of quality planting materials to farmers           ICAR-IISR, Lucknow organized "National Conference on Plant Health for Food Security: Threats & Promises"           Link to AICRP Reporter           Email addresses of IISR, Lucknow officials          

 

IISR News


पांच दिवसीय आवासीय प्रशिक्षण कार्यक्रम "गन्ना आधारित फसल प्रणाली में यांत्रिकीकरण का महत्व" का आयोजन


संस्थान में मना अंतर्राष्ट्रीय योग दिवस


An interaction meeting with Dr. B. Venkateswarlu on Climate Change, its impact and mitigation


Live telecast program of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi


Collaboration continues between IISR and Govt of Bihar


MoU signed between ICAR-IISR, Lucknow and ERA University, Lucknow


IISR, Lucknow organized workshop on “Promotion of climate resilient crops/ varieties/ seeds” under Mission LIFE


Celebration of World Intellectual Property Day, 2024


Secretary DARE & DG, ICAR laid the foundation stone of Ikshu Hostel and interacted with students of IARI Mega University Lucknow hub at ICAR-IISR, Lucknow


One-day Farmer Training Programme on‘Identification and Management of Major Sugarcane Borers’under SC-SP Plan at ICAR-IISR, Biological Control Centre, Pravaranagar (MS)


ICAR-IISR, Lucknow celebrated International Women’s Day 2024


Institute organised National Seminar on "Mechanization of Sugarcane Cultivation"


ICAR-IISR KVK Lakhimpur Khiri-II Inaugurated


ICAR-IISR, Lucknow displayed Institute’s technologies and development at exhibition stall in the Regional Agriculture Fair for Eastern Region 2024 at KVK, Diyankal, Torpa Block, Khunti (Jharkhand) during February 03-05, 2024


One-day awareness workshop on Intellectual Property Rights at IISR, Lucknow


ICAR-Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow Celebrates its 73rd Foundation Day


ICAR-IISR, Lucknow organized "National Conference on Plant Health for Food Security: Threats & Promises"


Pre-conference Press release for Organization of a National Conference on Plant Health for Food Security at ICAR-IISR, Lucknow


Director, ICAR-IISR, Lucknow visited ICAR-IISR, Biological Control Centre, Pravaranagar (Maharashtra)


One-day Farmer Training Programme on‘Integrated Management of White grubsInfesting Sugarcane’ under SC-SP Plan at ICAR-IISR, Biological Control Centre, Pravaranagar (MS)


ICAR-IISR, displayed institute’s technologies and development stall in 3rd International Conference at VSI, Pune from 12th -14th January 2024


Technologies developed by the Institute

Crop Improvement

Name of the variety CoLk 8001
Year of release 1988
Parentage Co 62174 x Co 1148
Maturity group  
Mean cane yield 75-80 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 9.88 t/ha
Pol% in cane  
Mean Sucrose %  
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat

 
Name of the variety CoLk 8102
Year of release 1996
Parentage Co 1158 GC
Maturity group  
Mean cane yield 80-85 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 10.03t/ha
Pol% in cane  
Mean Sucrose %  
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar

 
Name of the variety CoLk 9709
Year of release 2012
Parentage LG 7230 GC
Maturity group Early
Mean cane yield 72.0t/ha
Mean CCS yield 8.92t/ha
Pol% in cane 13.26%
Mean Sucrose % 18.04
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) Central and Western part of Uttar Pradesh

 
Name of the variety CoLk 94184 (Birendra)
Year of release 2008
Parentage CoLk 8001 selfing
Maturity group Early
Mean cane yield 75.97 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 9.28t/ha
Pol% in cane 13.63%
Mean Sucrose % 17.97%
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North Central & North East Zone of AICRP(S) (Eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Assam)

 
Name of the variety CoLk 09204 (Ikshu-3)
Year of release  
Parentage CoLk 8102 x CoJ 64
Maturity group Midlate
Mean cane yield 82.8 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 9.30 t/ha
Pol% in cane 13.2%
Mean Sucrose % 17.0 %
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North West Zone of AICRP(S) (Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Central and Western Parts of Uttar Pradesh)

 
Name of the variety CoLk 11206 (Ikshu-4)
Year of release 2017
Parentage CoPant 90223 x Co 62198
Maturity group Midlate
Mean cane yield 91.50 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 11.20 t/ha
Pol% in cane 13.42%
Mean Sucrose % 17.65 %
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North West Zone of AICRP(S) (Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Central and Western Parts of Uttar Pradesh)

 
Name of the variety CoLk 11203 (Ikshu-5)
Year of release 2017
Parentage CoLk 8102 x Co 1148
Maturity group Early
Mean cane yield 81.97 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 10.52 t/ha
Pol% in cane 13.44%
Mean Sucrose % 18.41%
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North West Zone of AICRP(S) (Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Central and Western Parts of Uttar Pradesh)

 
Name of the variety CoLk 12207 (Ikshu-6)
Year of release 2018
Parentage CoLk 8002 GC
Maturity group Early
Mean cane yield 75.42 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 8.73 t/ha
Pol% in cane 13.17%
Mean Sucrose % 16.90%
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North Central & North East Zone of AICRP(S) (Eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Assam)

 
Name of the variety CoLk 12209 (Ikshu-7)
Year of release 2018
Parentage LG 95053 x CoPant 90223
Maturity group Midlate
Mean cane yield 77.5 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 9.38 t/ha
Pol% in cane 14.33%
Mean Sucrose % 17.66 %
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North Central and North East Zone of AICRP(S) [Eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Assam

 
Name of the variety CoLk 14201(Ikshu-10)
Year of release 2020
Parentage Co 0238 GC
Maturity group Early
Mean cane yield Confirm
Mean CCS yield Confirm
Pol% in cane Confirm
Mean Sucrose % Confirm
Red rot reaction Confirm
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) All Zones of Uttar Pradesh

 
Name of the variety CoLk 14204 (Ikshu-8)
Year of release 2020
Parentage CoLk 8002 x CoSe 92423
Maturity group Mid-late
Mean cane yield 92.75 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 11.39 t/ha
Pol% in cane 13.83%
Mean Sucrose % 17.73 %
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North West Zone of AICRP(S) (Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Central and Western Parts of Uttar Pradesh)

 
Name of the variety CoLk 15201 (Ikshu-11)
Year of release 2022
Parentage CoS 8436 GC
Maturity group Early
Mean cane yield 93.92 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 11.44 t/ha
Pol% in cane 13.60%
Mean Sucrose % 17.63 %
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North West Zone of AICRP(S) (Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Central and Western Parts of Uttar Pradesh)

 
Name of the variety CoLk 15207 (Ikshu-12)
Year of release 2022
Parentage Co 88039 GC
Maturity group Midlate
Mean cane yield 84.53 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 10.97 t/ha
Pol% in cane 14.52 %
Mean Sucrose % 18.71 %
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North West Zone of AICRP(S) (Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Central and Western Parts of Uttar Pradesh)

 
Name of the variety CoLk 15466 (Ikshu-13)
Year of release 2022
Parentage CoS 8436 GC
Maturity group Early
Mean cane yield 86.14 t/ha
Mean CCS yield 10.41 t/ha
Pol% in cane 13.54 %
Mean Sucrose % 17.54 %
Red rot reaction Resistant to Moderately Resistant
Special attributes  
Released for the zone of AICRP(S) North Central & North Eastern Zone of AICRP(S) (Eastern Part of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Assam)

 

Crop Protection

 

IISR combo insect trap for the management of white grabs and monitoring of sugarcane borers

Technology has been sold to a manufacturer M/S Fine Trap India Limited, Yavatmal, Maharashtra. Traps are used at large scale in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh

 

Blue bull repellent

Trap has major components like lamp shade, LED bulb assembly and reflector strips to mimic fire. It is effective in repelling the blue bulls from the fields during night hours. Field experiments have revealed that 2 nos. of IISR-Blue Bull Repellant per hectare are enough to ward off Blue Bulls from the fields during night hours.

 

IISR Ward

Trap is solar and battery-operated system (charged with solar panel as well with electricity. Other major components like lamp shade, LED bulb assembly, reflector cloth strips, sound system of jacals and dogs to ward off wild animals with periodical on/off system. MOU has been signed with SKR Agrotech, Wardha Maharashtra.

 

Plant Physiology and Biochemistry

 

Spaced Transplanting Technique (STP)

Occurrence of higher mortality adversely affects stalk density and crop productivity. Besides, with the advent of new improved varieties, transportation of their bulk cane seed material and slow multiplication rate (ratio being 1:8 to 1: 10) is an important constraint to seed programme. Based on physiological understanding of germination (sprouting), tillering vis-a-vis inter-and intra-plant competition, a planting procedure, Spaced Transplanting Technique (STP), has been developed which saves the precious cane seed material, ensures higher stalk population (number of millable canes) with a uniform crop stand and higher average cane weight. It has also been a boon for rapid multiplication of seed cane.

 

Bud Chip Technology

Bud chip technology reduces mass, quality and leads to quick multiplication of seed and optimizes initial shoot population. Scooped bud chips / single bud setts with a viable bud and root primordial is used as a planting material and raised their nursery under field conditions. The buds are scooped out with bud scooping device and soaked in specially formulated plant growth regulator (PGR) solution and essential nutrients for 2 hrs. The chips are then treated with fungicide, Bavistin (0.1%) for 20 min. The pretreated bud chips are planted in plastic cups/trays filled with soil mixture containing soil, organic matter and sand in a ratio of 1:1:1. The cups are punctured with a needle at the bottom to facilitate drainage of excess water. The technique led to uniform crop stand, synchronized tillering, higher rate of tiller formation (>2.0 lakh) and their conversion into millable canes leading to higher population of millable canes (>1.2 lakh canes/ha), with higher average cane weight and finally higher cane yield (>100t/ha).

 

 

PGR technology for Increased Cane and Sugar Yield

Phasic Exogenous application of Ethrel and GA3 application across the crop cycle for augmenting cane and sugar yield. Plant growth hormones (usage of Ethrel and GA3) have potentially improved the sett vigour, enhanced its ability to sprout and established uniform and robust settlings in spring planted crop. Their usage led to significant alteration in leaf orientation, cane length and root architecture. Architectural alterations caused faster heterotrophic to autotrophic transitions at planting stage (February). This induced high initial plant population (45 DAP), which was followed by induction of smart canopy with increased source activity, above and below ground sink development at 60 DAP. The formation of smart canopy was due to development of erectophiles against planophiles (leaf angle 45-) in control. Changes in leaf angle enabled added advantage of enhanced CO2 utilization and radiation use efficiency. The GA3 induced leaf orientation formed a smart canopy and improved dry matter partitioning. Further, leaf erectness also reduced the shading effects amongst the leaf present on a stalk, rendering increase in radiation use by lower leaf laminae of the stalk. GA3 induced branched roots with steep angles (30-), threefold increase in root weights and root hair development, sustained the nutrient requirement of increased shoot population. The application led to significant increase in cane yield of 255 tha-1 (per cane weight 847 g). The large accommodation of stalks in limited ground area with Ethrel and GA3 is due to the development of smart canopies supported by a robust root system, where each plant occupied merely 331 cm2 ground area against 800 cm2 in control. The architectural alterations through PGR in sugarcane crop increased cane yield from 70-85 tha-1 to 255 tha-1 in spring planted sugarcane crop.

 

Technology for Minimising Post-harvest sucrose losses

Chemical formulation consisting of benzalkonium chloride and sodium metasilicate followed by covering with trash found effective in minimizing post-harvest sucrose losses in sugarcane Y Post-harvest application of sodium meta silicate (0.5 %) + benzalkonium chloride (0.2%).

  • Gain in Sugar yield - (5000 TCD) - 0.3-0.5 Units
  •  

    Agricultural Engineering

     

    Deep furrow sugarcane cutter planter

    Sugarcane planting comprised of number of unit operations such as cutting of whole seed cane into setts as seed material, deep furrow opening, placing seed-setts in furrows, mixing of fertilizer, application of insecticide over setts and coverage of setts by soil and its light compaction. These operations are arduous, energy and labour intensive and involve human drudgery. There is a need for mechanizing planting operation to save time, labour and cost and also to avoid human drudgery. Moreover, furrow method of sugarcane planting has shown promise in saving of irrigation water due to furrow irrigation, reduced cane lodging and better ratooning due to deep rooting. In view of the above, tractor operated deep furrow sugarcane cutter planter was developed to mechanize sugarcane planting in deep furrows. It performs all the unit operations involved in sugarcane planting including sett cutting simultaneously in single pass and having provision for adjustment of row spacing of 75/90 cm or 100/120/150 cm. It is equipped with deep furrow opener, sharp edged blades to cut whole cane into 350 mm long pieces as seed material, metering device for application of fertilizer and insecticide, soil covering shovels and tamping roller for pressing soil cover. In addition to the above, the equipment was also provided with two seats for persons feeding the seed-canes. All the moving parts were guarded to avoid any accident.

    Specifications
    Power source >26 kW Tractor
    Number of rows 2/3
    Row spacing adjustments, cm 75/90 or 100/120/150
    Cost of the machine, Rs 1,25,000
    Cost of planting operation, Rs/ha 3000
    Performance results
    Effective field capacity, ha/h 0.20
    Field efficiency, % 60
    Saving in cost of operation over conventional, % 60
    Saving in labour requirement, % >90 (35 man-d)
    Benefits over conventional/traditional practices
    This machine performs all the unit operations involved in sugarcane planting including sett cutting simultaneously in single pass.
    Status of commercialization
    Commercialized and applicable to sugarcane growing area of the country.
    Source of availability
    Agricultural machinery manufacturers having MoA with IISR
     

    Sugarcane trench planter

    The trench planting of sugarcane is considered as a superior planting technique as compared to conventional flat method in terms of irrigation water saving, reduced cane lodging, better ratooning and increase in cane yield. Sugarcane trench planter performs all the unit operations of sugarcane planting in trench paired furrows simultaneously in single pass. It is equipped with trench opener, sharp edged blades to cut whole cane into 350 mm long pieces as seed material, metering device for application of fertilizer and insecticide, soil covering shovels and tamping roller for pressing soil cover. The furrow opening unit is equipped with two mould board ploughs (width of cut of share is 10 cm) spaced at 30 cm and curvature of mould board is specially designed and extended to prevent fall back of cut loose soil in the furrows.

    Specifications
    Power source >26 kW Tractor
    Number of rows Single trench consisting of a paired row
    Type of furrow opener Deep and wide trench consisting of paired rows
    Spacing between paired row, cm 30
    Spacing between trenches, cm 120
    Cost of the machine, Rs 1,00,000
    Cost of planting operation, Rs/ha 3000
    Performance results
    Effective field capacity, ha/h 0.20
    Field efficiency, % 60
    Saving in cost of operation over conventional, % 60
    Saving in labour requirement, % >90 (35 man-d)
    Benefits over conventional/traditional practices

    This machine facilitates mechanization of trench method of planting and performs all the unit operations involved in sugarcane planting including sett cutting simultaneously in single pass. Sub-surface drip laterals laying attachment has also been provided.

    Status of commercialization
    Commercialized and applicable to sugarcane growing area of the country especially sub-tropical part.
    Source of availability
    Agricultural machinery manufacturers having MoA with IISR
     

    Two row pit digger

    Ring pit method of sugarcane planting has shown promise in significantly increasing the productivity of sugarcane. However, digging of large number of circular pits in the entire field was found to be very cumbersome, labour intensive and costly affair. Therefore, the technique could not be popularized for large scale planting. For mechanizing pit digging operations a tractor operated pit digger was developed. It was a double bottom, mounted type, equipment. The developed pit digger consisted of main frame, pit digging blades and power transmission units. Power to the pit digging blades is derived through tractor PTO with the help of telescopic propeller shaft, a main gear unit and V-bet pulleys. During pit digging operation auger blades cut the soil and flutes carry the cut soil out off pit for getting clean pit.

    Specifications
    Power source >26 kW Tractor
    Number of digging blades 2
    Type of digging blades Auger type
    Cost of the machine, Rs 80,000
    Cost of planting operation, Rs/ha 13600
    Performance results
    Effective field capacity, ha/h 0.017
    Field efficiency, % 60
    Saving in cost of operation over conventional, % 70
    Saving in labour requirement, % >90
    Benefits over conventional/traditional practices
    It mechanizes pit digging operations for planting of sugarcane under ring-pit method. Pit digging is performed manually under conventional method.
    Status of commercialization
    Commercialized and applicable to sugarcane growing area of the country especially sub-tropical part.
    Source of availability
    Agricultural machinery manufacturers having MoA with IISR
     

    Deep furrower raised bed seeder-cum-fertilizer applicator

    Raising short duration rabi crop like wheat, lentil etc. in furrow irrigated raised bed system (FIRBs) with sugarcane has been found very remunerative to the farmers apart from saving of irrigation water. Problem with the adoption of this system is availability of a machine to mechanize the operation of making raised beds and sowing of seeds on the raised beds. In order to fulfill the machinery gap a tractor operated deep furrower raised bed seeder-cum-fertilizer applicator was developed. It performs opening of three furrows and making of two raised beds and sowing of three rows of seeds of companion crop like wheat, pulses etc. on each raised bed simultaneously in a single pass. Cane is planted manually in the furrows. This machine mechanizes relay intercropping of wheat/pulses with sugarcane.

    Specifications
    Power source >26 kW Tractor
    Cost of the machine, Rs 40,000
    Cost of operation Rs/ha 1800
    Performance results
    Width of coverage, m 1.6
    Effective field capacity, ha/h 0.40
    Field efficiency, % 75
    Saving in cost of operation over conventional, % >50
    Saving in labour requirement, % 70
    Benefits over conventional/traditional practices
    This machine performs opening of three furrows and making of two raised beds and sowing of three rows of seeds of companion crop (wheat, pulses etc.) in a single pass.
    Status of commercialization
    Commercialized and is applicable to sugarcane growing area of the country especially sub-tropical part.
    Source of availability
    Agricultural machinery manufacturers having MoA with IISR
     

    Sugarcane cutter planter cum raised bed seeder

    Sugarcane cutter planter-cum-raised bed seeder is a multitasking machine which performs sowing of wheat/pulses on raised beds along with simultaneous planting of sugarcane in deep furrows. It consisted of a frame, two deep furrowers and raised bed maker, power transmission unit, whole cane seed trays for each row, sett-cutting unit, fertilizer metering unit, chemical/insecticide application unit, soil covering and tamping unit and seeder for sowing of intercrop on raised beds. It opens two deep furrows and two raised beds (1 full + two half). Machine plants sugarcane in deep furrows and sow two rows of intercrops on raised beds simultaneously in a single pass.

    Specifications
    Power source >26 kW Tractor
    Cost of the machine, Rs 1,50,000
    Cost of operation Rs/ha 3300
    Performance results
    Width of coverage, m 1.5
    Effective field capacity, ha/h 0.18
    Field efficiency, % 57
    Saving in cost of operation over conventional, % 60
    Saving in labour requirement, % 90
    Benefits over conventional/traditional practices
    Sowing of wheat/pulses on raised beds along with simultaneous planting of sugarcane in furrows.
    Status of commercialization
    Commercialized and applicable to sugarcane growing area of the country especially sub-tropical part.
    Source of availability
    Agricultural machinery manufacturers having MoA with IISR
     

    Sugarcane cum potato planter

    Growing potato as intercrop with sugarcane has a synergistic effect on sugarcane, resulting in increased economic returns to farmers. Sugarcane plant canopy does not close in during first 3-4 months after planting. During this period, the inter row space remains unoccupied and the young sugarcane plants do not require much light, water and land. Hence, there is a great scope to grow short duration crop in the available unoccupied space between sugarcane rows. Developed sugarcane-cum-potato planter is equipped with deep furrowers for opening of furrow and ridge making in between furrows, sett cutting unit for cane planting, potato seed tuber metering mechanism for potato planting, covering unit for covering planted sugarcane setts and potato and insecticide application unit. The designed equipment planted two rows of sugarcane in deep furrows and two rows of potato on ridges simultaneously in single pass. Picking and dropping of seed potato was automatic whereas, sugarcane seed feeding for sett cutting was manual.

     
    Specifications
    Power source >30 kW Tractor
    Weight of the machine, kg 530
    Cost of the machine, Rs 1,50,000
    Cost of operation, Rs/ha 3800
    Performance results
    Width of coverage, m 1.5
    Effective field capacity, ha/h 0.13
    Field efficiency, % 53
    Saving in cost of operation over conventional, % 65
    Saving in labour requirement, % 90
    Benefits over conventional/traditional practices
    This machine plants two rows of sugarcane in deep furrows and two rows of potato on ridges simultaneously in a single pass.
    Status of commercialization
    Commercialized and applicable to sugarcane growing area of the country especially sub-tropical part.
    Source of availability
    Agricultural machinery manufacturers having MoA with IISR
     

    Disc type ratoon management device

    Ratoon occupies more than 50 per cent of sugarcane area. Productivity of sugarcane ratoon crop could be improved by performing cultural operations like stubble shaving, cutting of side old roots (off barring) and application of fertilizer near to root zone during initiation of ratoon after harvesting. Studies have indicated that leaving trash in the field after sugarcane harvesting improves soil health and sustain ratoon yield. Disc type ratoon management device (Disc RMD) consisted of main frame, stubble shaving, off barring, fertilizer metering and power transmission unit. A concave disc with replaceable serrated cutting blades mounted on disc periphery was designed to spin through power take off (PTO) drive of the tractor for shaving stubbles close to ground level. Concave disc having rehardened sharpened edges has been provided at either side of stubbles for cutting and pruning of side old roots (off barring). Cutting and pruning of side old roots were performed by rolling action of sharpened edges of disc without dragging and clogging of surface trash. Removal or burning of field trash was not a prerequisite in case of Disc RMD which was the case with the existing machinery.

    Specifications
    Power source >26 kW Tractor
    Cost of the machine, Rs 1,20,000
    Number of rows Single or two
    Number of off barring discs for each row 2
    Cost of operation, Rs/ha 1800
    Performance results
    Width of coverage, m 1.5
    Effective field capacity, ha/h 0.28
    Field efficiency, % 76
    Saving in cost of operation over conventional, % 50
    Saving in labour requirement, % 90
    Benefits over conventional/traditional practices
    This machine performs stubble shaving, fertilizer application and off barring and pruning of side old roots simultaneously in single pass.
    Status of commercialization
    Commercialized and is applicable to sugarcane growing area of the country
    Source of availability
    Agricultural machinery manufacturers having MoA with IISR
     

    Pravaranagar

     

    Mass production of pupal parasitoid Tetrastichushowardi

     
    Tetrastichushowardi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a larval-pupal endoparasitoid of many lepidopteran pests, shows high potential for biological control of the borer complex of sugarcane. This natural enemy parasitizes the larvae and pupae of moth borers of sugarcane. The mass production technique of this parasitoid was scale-up using larval and pupal stage of host insect G. mellonella under laboratory conditions.